Where do bhagirathi and alaknanda meet the browns

Wollomombi Falls - WikiVividly

where do bhagirathi and alaknanda meet the browns

It would have been tiring to do the road trip right from Delhi, so we took the late Devprayag- the confluence (sangam) of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda to form Ganga to barren browns and finally to pristine whites- all within a 25 minute sojourn. White little flakes were descending from heaven to meet their. The Chandler Falls are on the Chandler River, adjacent to the Wollomombi Falls. . Bloomfield Falls; Box Logs; Browns; Buderim; Cannabullen; Carter; Chalahn . The first ship and crew to chart the Australian coast and meet with Aboriginal .. Confluence of the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers to produce the Ganges at . Its principal branches are the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda, which issue, under the latter name, from the hills at It is an outcome of the desire of two parties of men to meet across the river. With 26 foU- pege lUustntions by Tom Browns.

Waterfall — A waterfall is a place where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of drops in the course of a stream or river. Waterfalls also occur where meltwater drops over the edge of an iceberg or ice shelf.

Waterfalls are commonly formed in the course of a river. At these times the channel is narrow and deep. When the river courses over resistant bedrock, erosion happens slowly, as the watercourse increases its velocity at the edge of the waterfall, it plucks material from the riverbed. Whirlpools created in the turbulence as well as sand and stones carried by the increase the erosion capacity. This causes the waterfall to carve deeper into the bed and to recede upstream, often over time, the waterfall will recede back to form a canyon or gorge downstream as it recedes upstream, and it will carve deeper into the ridge above it.

The rate of retreat for a waterfall can be as high as one, eventually, the outcropping, more resistant cap rock will collapse under pressure to add blocks of rock to the base of the waterfall. Waterfalls normally form in an area due to erosion. After a long period of being formed, the water falling off the ledge will retreat. Eventually, as the pit grows deeper, the waterfall collapses to be replaced by a steeply sloping stretch of river bed, a river sometimes flows over a large step in the rocks that may have been formed by a fault line.

Waterfalls can occur along the edge of a trough, where a stream or river flowing into a glacier continues to flow into a valley after the glacier has receded or melted. The large waterfalls in Yosemite Valley are examples of this phenomenon, another reason hanging valleys may form is where two rivers join and one is flowing faster than the other. Waterfalls can be grouped into ten classes based on the average volume of water present on the fall using a logarithmic scale.

Class 10 waterfalls include Niagara Falls, Paulo Afonso Falls and Khone Falls, young Wrote Waterfalls, form and process this work made waterfalls a much more serious topic for research for modern Geoscientists. Ledge waterfall, Water descends vertically over a cliff, maintaining partial contact with the bedrock.

Classical, Ledge waterfalls where fall height is equal to stream width. Curtain, Ledge waterfalls which descend over a larger than the width of falling water stream 5.

Wollomombi Falls

The park is part of the Hastings-Macleay Group World Heritage Site Gondwana Rainforests of Australia inscribed inthere are at least fourteen waterfalls in the park. For thousands of years, the Northern Tablelands and these valleys were the lands of the Dangaddi aboriginal people. Some marked trees have been found and a limestone cave shelter has been excavated near Kunderang Brook, in explorer John Oxley and his party tried to descend the Apsley valley, but steep gorges blocked the way until they proceeded around the head of the Apsley Falls.

After Oxley passed through the cedar-getters were the first white people to penetrate these remote gorges, the recently restored Middle Yards Hut was once part of the 32, hectare East Kunderang cattle station on the Macleay River. In the Apsley Macleay Gorges were identified as being of true wilderness quality, with future land-use undecided, the NSW Electricity Commission began surveying the Apsley Valley for a hydro-electric scheme in the late s.

The Apsley Gorge National Park of 6, hectares was gazetted followed by the 3, during late the track to the Apsley River at Riverside was improved and Elcom installed a river gauging station. The project was shelved following a land use study recommending a national park be established, in the park was gazetted to foster nature conservation, cultural heritage and tourism on the Northern Tablelands.

In East Kunderang Station of 30, hectares passed to the National Parks, later 1, hectares of Winterbourne State Forest, also known at the Big Lease, was added to the wilderness. The remaining 1, hectares of Winterbourne and 1, hectares of Enmore State Forests are to be added to the national park, further inclusions include Green Gully headwaters and 1, hectares of leasehold land in the lower Chandlers River gorge.

The Macleay Gorges Wilderness Area was declared in and extended in and covers over 50, hectares, in December a lightning strike started a bushfire in the Youdales Hut area. The hut was unaffected, but 1, hectares of inaccessible steep country was burnt out before it was brought under control, another lightning strike started a large bushfire in the Reedy Creek region of the park.

This fire has burnt out over 8, hectares of rough country. There are a number of waterfalls situated throughout the park including, Wollomombi Falls, Apsley Falls, Tia Falls, the waterfalls in the park are at their best after rains and the main ones are accessible by car.

This resulted in the formation of the Great Dividing Range, a plateau that sloped gently to the west. The jagged scarp is slowly retreating west and this movement can be today in the erosion of steep cliffs at places like Wollomombi, Dangars. The Apsley Macleay Gorges are a point for moister eastern coastal and dry western floras 6. Armidale had an population of 23, as at 30 June It is the centre for the Northern Tablelands region. Many Gumbaynggirr people have settled in Armidale since colonisation, a short distance to the east of Armidale are heavily forested steep gorges dropping down to the eastern coastal plain.

Large parts of the highlands are covered by Palaeozoic aged metamorphosed sedimentary rocks, intruding into these meta-sediments are granite plutons which decompose to form sandy soil, slightly deficient in nutrients.

There are also basalt flows which are fertile for the soil substrates. Those areas away from the deep gorge country tend to display gently undulating terrain mainly used for pastures, to the west is Mount Yarrowyck Nature Reserve. The coastal plain can be reached directly at Coffs Harbour via Waterfall Way to Dorrigo and Bellingen on the Bellinger River, Armidale has a noted problem with air pollution caused by the use of solid fuel domestic wood heaters during the winter months.

A local retired doctor said he is so concerned by the wood smoke situation, Armidale has a subtropical highland climate influence. Armidales elevation gives it a climate, but the summers are still very warm. Winters are long and cool, with frosty nights. Snowfall is extremely rare, on only one day in every three years. The presence of four seasons, unlike most of the rest of Australia, is the reason for the New England moniker.


Summers are characterised by warm to very warm days followed almost always by cool, sometimes cold, thunderstorms often produce heavy falls of rain and occasionally hail in the afternoons and early evenings, also bringing a sudden drop in temperature.

Unlike nearby coastal areas, Armidale does not usually high humidity levels making most of the summer days quite comfortable. As the leaves turn yellow and fall, day temperatures are still warm, particularly in March 7. Confluence — In geography, a confluence is the meeting of two or more bodies of water.

The term is used to describe the meeting of tidal or other non-riverine bodies of water. It is the port and a hub for the regions extensive river system. Osijek, Croatia, is on the bank of the river Drava 25 km upstream of its confluence with the Danube. Belgrade, the capital of Serbia lies at the confluence of the Sava, the Hochelaga Archipelago, including the island and city of Montreal, is located at the confluence of the St.

Winnipeg, Canada, is at the confluence of the Red River, the area is referred to as The Forks by locals, and has been an important trade location for over years. Louis, Missouri, is built just south of the confluence of the Mississippi River and the Missouri River.

where do bhagirathi and alaknanda meet the browns

This merging point is the beginning of the Nile, columbus, Ohio, in the United States is at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers. It contains the Australian mainlands highest mountain, Mount Kosciuszko, which reaches to a height of 2, m above sea level, the range also contains the five highest peaks on the Australian mainland, all of which are above 2, m. They are located in southern New South Wales and are part of the larger Australian Alps, unusual for Australia, the mountain range experiences large natural snowfalls every winter.

Snow normally falls the most during June, July and early August, therefore, most of the snow usually melts by late spring. The Tasmanian highlands makes up the other alpine region present in Australia, the range is host to the mountain plum-pine, a low-lying type of conifer that is suspected of being the worlds oldest living plant.

It is considered to be one of the centres of the Australian ski industry during the winter months, the Alpine Way and Snowy Mountains Highway are the major roads through the Snowy Mountains region. The mountain range is thought to have had Aboriginal occupation for 20, years, large scale intertribal gatherings were held in the High Country during summer for collective feasting on the Bogong moth.

This practice continued until aroundthe area was first explored by Europeans inand inEdmund Strzelecki ascended Mount Kosciuszko and named it after the Polish patriot. High country stockmen followed who used the Snowy Mountains for grazing during the summer months, banjo Patersons famous poem The Man From Snowy River recalls this era.

It is the worlds sixth-largest country by total area, the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east, and New Zealand to the south-east. Australias capital is Canberra, and its largest urban area is Sydney, for about 50, years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians, who spoke languages classifiable into roughly groups.

The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the s most of the continent had been explored, on 1 Januarythe six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy comprising six states.

The population of 24 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard, Australia has the worlds 13th-largest economy and ninth-highest per capita income. With the second-highest human development index globally, the country highly in quality of life, health, education, economic freedom.

The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis a name used for putative lands in the southern hemisphere since ancient times, the Dutch adjectival form Australische was used in a Dutch book in Batavia into refer to the newly discovered lands to the south. On 12 DecemberMacquarie recommended to the Colonial Office that it be formally adopted, inthe Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known officially as Australia. The first official published use of the term Australia came with the publication of The Australia Directory and these first inhabitants may have been ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians.

The Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, were originally horticulturists, the northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited sporadically by fishermen from Maritime Southeast Asia. The first recorded European sighting of the Australian mainland, and the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent, are attributed to the Dutch.

The first ship and crew to chart the Australian coast and meet with Aboriginal people was the Duyfken captained by Dutch navigator, Willem Janszoon. He sighted the coast of Cape York Peninsula in earlythe Dutch charted the whole of the western and northern coastlines and named the island continent New Holland during the 17th century, but made no attempt at settlement.

Elizabeth River (Tasmania)

William Dampier, an English explorer and privateer, landed on the north-west coast of New Holland ininJames Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast, which he named New South Wales and claimed for Great Britain. The first settlement led to the foundation of Sydney, and the exploration, a British settlement was established in Van Diemens Land, now known as Tasmania, inand it became a separate colony in The United Kingdom formally claimed the part of Western Australia in Separate colonies were carved from parts of New South Wales, South Australia inVictoria inthe Northern Territory was founded in when it was excised from South Australia 2.

Tasmania — Tasmania is an island state of the Commonwealth of Australia. It is located km to the south of the Australian mainland, the state encompasses the main island of Tasmania, the 26th-largest island in the world, and the surrounding islands.

The state has a population of around , just over forty percent of which resides in the Greater Hobart precinct, Tasmanias area is 68, km2, of which the main island covers 64, km2. Though an island state, due to an error the state shares a land border with Victoria at its northernmost terrestrial point, Boundary Islet.

The Bishop and Clerk Islets, about 37 km south of Macquarie Island, are the southernmost terrestrial point of the state of Tasmania, the island is believed to have been occupied by Aboriginals for 40, years before British colonisation. It is thought Tasmanian Aboriginals were separated from the mainland Aboriginal groups about 10, years ago when the sea rose to form Bass Strait. The conflict, which peaked between and and led to more than three years of law, cost the lives of almost Aboriginals and settlers.

The near-destruction of Tasmanias Aboriginal population has been described by historians as an act of genocide by the British. The island was part of the Colony of New South Wales. In the present Constitution of Tasmania was passed and the year the state received permission to change its name to Tasmania. In it became a state through the process of the Federation of Australia, the state is named after Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who made the first reported European sighting of the island on 24 November It was officially renamed Tasmania in honour of its first European discoverer on 1 JanuaryTasmania was sometimes referred to as Dervon, as mentioned in the Jerilderie Letter written by the notorious Australian bushranger Ned Kelly in The colloquial expression for the state is Tassie, Tasmania is also colloquially shortened to Tas, especially when used in business names and website addresses.

The island was adjoined to the mainland of Australia until the end of the last glacial period about 10, years ago, much of the island is composed of Jurassic dolerite intrusions through other rock types, sometimes forming large columnar joints. Tasmania has the worlds largest areas of dolerite, with many distinctive mountains, the central plateau and the southeast portions of the island are mostly dolerite.

Mount Wellington above Hobart is an example, showing distinct columns known as the Organ Pipes 3. At the census, the town had a population ofthe traditional custodians of the Campbell Town area were the Tyerrernotepanner Clan of the North Midlands Nation.

The colonial name for this clan was the Stony Creek Tribe, the Tyerrernotepanner called the Campbell Town area norerytymonerler or parndokenne. Their name for the hills above Campbell Town was Lukargener Purntobebenner, the Tyerrernotepanner were severely depleted as a clan during the first decades of the s, as colonial settlers claimed land up the South Esk and across the fertile plains of the Midlands.

Clan hunting and migration was hindered by settler activity, hunting and, finally, armed aggression that culminated in massacres in the uplands, the Tyerrernotepanner were led by elders such as Memerlannerlargenna and Eumarrah, subjects of fearful reminiscence by settlers after the Black War. The area of modern Campbell Town would have known to colonials in Launceston. Lachlan Macquarie renamed it after his wife Elizabeth when passing through inCampbell Town was established as a town in and was originally one of the four garrison towns linking Hobart and Launceston.

Campbell Town had soldiers permanently stationed - with the headquarters at Ross.

where do bhagirathi and alaknanda meet the browns

By the mid s Campbell Town was a town with a court house, gaol, Police magistrates house. The growth of agriculture, housing and infrastructure was facilitated by the labour of assigned men, the obverse to this free convict labour was the enormous paramilitary and penal infrastructure required to maintain the convict system.

Gentleman farmers and retired military officers were appointed by governor Arthur as magistrates to prosecute the law on this frontier, Campbell Town Post Office opened on 1 June Today, it acts as the major rest area on the Midland Highway, with toilets, a park, a large car park. Campbell Town is also the centre for much of the southern part of the Municipality Midlands area. The bridge and causeway were built as a part of the main road, it was to be a part of Bells line of Road.

Construction was commenced in and completed in and it consists of drystone abutments and timber top, although the top has been replaced, the stone abutments are original, making this a rare example of early Australian stone work.

Devprayag - Wikipedia

Campbell Town is also home to The Foxhunters Return, a colonial Georgian coaching inn which retains all its original outbuildings and these cellars, featuring sandstone and convict-made red brick arches and freestone walls, are now home to The Book Cellar, and so open to the public daily.

Given the history of Campbell Town, there are an abundance of buildings that have been well preserved 4. Reservoir — A reservoir is a storage space for fluids. These fluids may be water, hydrocarbons or gas, a reservoir usually means an enlarged natural or artificial lake, storage pond or impoundment created using a dam or lock to store water.

Reservoirs can be created by controlling a stream that drains a body of water. They can also be constructed in river valleys using a dam, alternately, a reservoir can be built by excavating flat ground or constructing retaining walls and levees.

Tank reservoirs store liquids or gases in storage tanks that may be elevated, at grade level, tank reservoirs for water are also called cisterns. Underground reservoirs are used to store liquids, principally either water or petroleum, a dam constructed in a valley relies on the natural topography to provide most of the basin of the reservoir. Dams are typically located at a part of a valley downstream of a natural basin.

The valley sides act as walls, with the dam located at the narrowest practical point to provide strength. In many reservoir construction projects, people have to be moved and re-housed, construction of a reservoir in a valley will usually need the river to be diverted during part of the build, often through a temporary tunnel or by-pass channel.

In hilly regions, reservoirs are constructed by enlarging existing lakes. Sometimes in such reservoirs the new top water level exceeds the height on one or more of the feeder streams such as at Llyn Clywedog in Mid Wales. In such cases additional side dams are required to contain the reservoir, where water is pumped or siphoned from a river of variable quality or quantity, bank-side reservoirs may be built to store the water.

Such reservoirs are usually formed partly by excavation and partly by building a complete encircling bund or embankment, the water stored in such reservoirs may stay there for several months, during which time normal biological processes may substantially reduce many contaminants and almost eliminate any turbidity.

The use of reservoirs also allows water abstraction to be stopped for some time. Service reservoirs store fully treated potable water close to the point of distribution, many service reservoirs are constructed as water towers, often as elevated structures on concrete pillars where the landscape is relatively flat.

Other service reservoirs can be almost entirely underground, especially in hilly or mountainous country. In the United Kingdom, Thames Water has many underground reservoirs, sometimes called cisterns, built in the s. A good example is the Honor Oak Reservoir in London, constructed between andwhen it was completed it was said to be the largest brick built underground reservoir in the world and it is still one of the largest in Europe 5.

Confluence — In geography, a confluence is the meeting of two or more bodies of water. The term is used to describe the meeting of tidal or other non-riverine bodies of water. It is the port and a hub for the regions extensive river system. Osijek, Croatia, is on the bank of the river Drava 25 km upstream of its confluence with the Danube.

Belgrade, the capital of Serbia lies at the confluence of the Sava, the Hochelaga Archipelago, including the island and city of Montreal, is located at the confluence of the St.

Winnipeg, Canada, is at the confluence of the Red River, the area is referred to as The Forks by locals, and has been an important trade location for over years. Louis, Missouri, is built just south of the confluence of the Mississippi River and the Missouri River.

This merging point is the beginning of the Nile, columbus, Ohio, in the United States is at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers. River — A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of water, small rivers can be referred to using names such as stream, creek, brook, rivulet, and rill.

There are no official definitions for the term river as applied to geographic features. Many names for small rivers are specific to geographic location, examples are run in parts of the United States, burn in Scotland and northeast England.