Antigone: Daughter of Oedipus, niece of Creon, fiance of Haemon,, sister of So we have a conflict between 2 types of philia, Antigone's committment to kinship. In Antigone what does Creon's treatment of the guard in Episode 1 reveal . Their relationship with Dionysus stands in contrast to Creon's relationships with the. In Antigone how does Creon's rule threaten the democracy of Greece? of Antigone, "And so let her appeal to Zeus, the god of blood relationships," believing at.
She stands up for her rights, so that she can give a religious burial to Polynices. She was a girl with a lot of will power. This essay talks about the relationship between Antigone and Creon. The main character Antigone is portrayed as the disobedient niece of Creon but an obedient daughter of God.
Her character in the play looks like a male part instead of a female part. In the play she curses herself for being a girl but not a boy. They were not supposed to stand up against whatever the men decided. But in the play Antigone stands up for her rights making her being portrayed as the male character in the play. Antigone whenever she came up with a thought she would do that in that moment. She would never think what she does.
She would jump up to her conclusions. This was one of the things that she had in lacking.
Otherwise she would not have died at the end of the play. Creon in the other hand was a king who took up the duties when Polynices and Eteocles died when they fought a battle against each other. The chorus also tells us that he was a different kind of man when he was a younger person he loved music, brought rare manuscripts and was a kind of art patron…………….
This tells the change that happens between when Creon was not a king and when Creon becomes a king.
Relationship Between Antigone and Creon - words | Study Guides and Book Summaries
He has lots of duties he needs to carry. The king in the play proclaims the burial only for Eteocles but not for Polynices.
The reason might be that the King had sided with Eteocles during the battle or the other reason would be that he would want to teach the empire a lesson by leaving Polynices body to rot. This was the reason that provoked Antigone. During the play when Antigone and Creon are left together to talk they talk about the things what are right and what are wrong. He tells that no one was ready to accept that position.
An argument arises if it is easy to say a no or not. The story he tells to Antigone is the story of Eteocles and Polynices. Creon tries and tells the story to Antigone.
He says that Polynices used to harm her father Oedipus the King and the brain to all of this was Eteocles. During the argument Creon talks about happiness, but Antigone spits on his idea of Happiness. Antigone believes in what she thinks. She never is non-believer in what she thinks. Respect for parents was one of the strongest obligations in Greek society. Children were obligated to support their parents in old age. A special bond also existed between brothers and siblings, based on their common origins and upbringing.
But philia extends beyond the immediate family to all those related by blood or marriage. After the family, the second main circle of philoi or freiends, dear ones, consists of fellow citizens, with whom one is presumed to share common iterests. Polis- Greek city state, was the context in which this political friendship existed.
The worst thing about being exiled was the lack of dear ones. No such thing as a human life lived outside the community of friends. In Sophocles time, 5th century B. To whom is he committed? Love of city and its laws. Why is there even a question about whether Polynices should be buried? Lets see how these 2 opposing views develop, by turning to the opening scenes: Antigone's first words suggest a commitment to kinship- She opens the play with an intimate address to her sister and suggests that enemies are plotting harm against them.
She reproaches Ismeme by emphasizing their shared kinship with the dead man. I will bury him. What Creon says is irrevelant.
Yet we get a general impression of devotion to him. A long speech of mouring would shift attentionaway from the central fact that its not some personal feeling for Polynices that mekes her take this position- She is dedicated to all her dead family members by a bond of philia that should unite them.
The justice of the gods requires that Polynices be given the honor of burial as well as Etocles. The justice of the gods and their unwritten, divine and infalliable laws. Notice how she draws her lines- acctually she draws a circle. What is inside her family: How does Antigone treat her sister, Ismeme? They ought to be close but from the outset Ismene is treated with remote coldness. Antigone shows unswerving devotion to a brother and who made war on his own brother and their nature city, but when it comes to her sister, whose disloyalty was on a much smaller scale, she rejects her as an enemy.
Ismene has a lot more feeling than Antigone. Supreme law and passion for Antigone: She structures her entire life and vision of the world in terms of this simple, self-contained system of duties. She refuses to see a conflict in that duty. Polynices killed her older brother, Eteocles. There is then a conflict in her obligation to family. But is a conflict Antigone refuses to see.
How does she escape this conflict? She recognizes honor and justice into a simple formula- Do anything to please the death where she will be a permanent companion to the dead. So her piety is self-serving. If she were truly virtuous she could see the possibility of conflict. She says that if Etocles were alive, he would back her up in her plea to have Polynices burried. She forgives Polynices in death the crimes against the family he commits in life, and she expects Etocles to do likewise.
Her single-minded persuit of family is incorrect- she goes to extremes to avoid taking sides between her brothers. The chorus describes the defeat of polynices and his army in their assault on Thebes. They say that the attack is defeated by Zeus himself. They rejoice at the cities salvation. Do they ask us to admire Etescles and hate Polynices?
So the political sympathies of the chorus are unclear at this point. He begins by thanking teh gods for teh victory. Then he sets forth the principles upon which he will base his rule. In a ruler, the courage to risk unpopular measures must be balanced but a respect for legitimate grievances. He too is rigid. The audience viewing this play would have teh view that no values, country, family, piety, friendship, are conflict free.
The justice of teh city can conflict with the justice of the world below. Piety to one God may entail oftending another God. Creon is teh closest male family member to Polynics, so he has a deep religious obligation to bury the corpse.
And yet Polynics has an enemy of the city- a traitor burial withi the city limits was strictly forbidden. The city would deposit teh corpse unburied outside of teh city limits- to do more would subvert civic values by honoring treachery. As king of teh city Creon must take care not to honor Polynices corpse, but he would not be expected to go to teh extreme of preventing or forbidding a burial of the city. But what does he do? He forbides burial at all extreme. The audience would also percieve Cron as being under a strong obligation to promote or arrange for burial.
What they would expect to find in Creon is a tension between his 2 roles, at family member and king, and their 2 requirements. What would they see instead, to their surprise? What they would see is the complete absence of tension or conflict.
Creon achieves this, like Antigone, by rearranging ordinary values so that they apply only to the well being of the city, which for him is the single intrinsic good. Good and bad become for Creon just those people and things that are good for the city. His one example of a bad woman is Antigone.
Her badness is civic badness. The worst man is me who withholds the exercise of his powers from the city out of fear or self interests. City- family conflicts cannot arise if our city is our family, if our family is the city.
So on this view, Polynices stands in no relation to Creon, except the relation of enmity. Hw calls Antigone a bad woman, we know her badness is being unpatriotic.
He tells Haemon not to get carried away with his passion for her because an unpatriotic spouse will be cold as she lies beside him. The man who sees the world correctly will not be moved by a passion that might conflict with his civic duty. A good man sees a wife merely as a fertile producer of citizens. The final component of life that Creon takes on and remakes according to his imagination of what types of bonds are important: He thinks of them as conscientious statesmen. Interchange with chorus who thinks the gods have brought about Polynices burial: Co you suppose God feels obligated to him for coming to burn down his temples and his statues in defiance of his laws?
Ever notice God being kind to evil doers? The gods cannot have honored Polynices. Creon compares the city to a ship which has passed through stormy weather. He is going to steer it straight and make it great. This was a common image in Greek politics of his time.
Without her, citizens could do nothing.
As a ship, the city is a tool built by humans to subjugate chance and nature.