My own space: Mother – Son Relations in 'The Glass Menagerie' and the 'Death of a Salesman'
The mother-son relationship in these two families is interesting to In 'The Glass Menagerie', Amanda Wingfield is the mother, and Tom Wingfiled is her son. She cares her children too much: Tom and Laura; she is seen. and Amanda (son and mother), Amanda and Laura (mother and sister) and. Laura and Tom (sister and brother). At the sixth scene of the play appears Jim and. Tom and Laura are similar in certain ways; they are both very soft spoken. This means that any relationships that family members have with each There are many examples of family dynamics in The Glass Menagerie.
But there are nights when memory is stronger. I cannot hold my shoulder to the door, the door comes softly but irresistibly open…I hold my breath. I reach for a cigarette. I buy a drink.
11 Secrets of Children’s Book Authors
I speak to the nearest stranger. Do he and his crippled sister Laura have an incestuous relationship? Laura now sleeps in the living room on a day bed, which functions as a bed at night and sofa during the day.
Stage lighting focuses on the areas where conversation and action occurs. The window is filled with pieces of colored glass, tiny transparent bottles in delicate colors, like bits of a shattered rainbow.Another Scene from the Glass Menagerie
Then all at once my sister touches my shoulder. I turn around and look into her eyes…Oh, Laura, Laura, I tried to leave you behind me, but I am more faithful than I intended to be! Blow out your candles, Laura… Laura blows out candles still burning in the candleabra and the whole interior is blacked out.
The Glass Menagerie | Required Reading in High School
When he pulls on his overcoat, his arm catches in the sleeve of the bulky garment. He tears the coat off again with an outraged groan. As he does, he splits the shoulder of the coat. In our minds, there seems to be a puzzling coincidence between Tom, the brother and Jim, the Gentleman Caller.
To Laura, Jim is a supposedly romantic caller. We wonder about the curious relationship between Tom and Laura. Did incest destroy her former emotional stability? Amanda is the most destructive force in the play The Glass Menagerie. She dominates her children. She never stops talking. Amanda forces Laura, who is exceedingly shy, to take a typing and shorthand course, and then nosily finds out she is not attending classes.
For this, she harangues Laura unmercifully. Laurence library book, calling it seedy and lascivious. Amanda accuses Tom of daydreaming, like his father, and dares him to abandon her and Laura, just like the father did.
Tom only runs interference for his sister Laura. The brother and sister have an exceedingly curious relationship.
- Smile Politely
- The Glass Menagerie
This final rewrite is significant. Laura had a collection of glass animals, predominately horses and a unicorn. Together, Jim and Laura examine the unicorn in the wavering play of light from the ornamental candelabrum. Why did Laura select the unicorn to show Jim, and not one of the many horses in her collection instead? Did she subconsciously select the unicorn for phallic reasons? Did Tennessee Williams purposely create this symbolic connection?
Dancing, Jim swings her around the living room, making three complete turns, lifting her feet off the floor. Jim knocks a table, the unicorn falls on the floor, and the horn breaks off. The scene between Laura, a shy, nervous, fragile girl, isolated from the real world, highlights the differences between her and Jim, an ordinary, normal, hard-working man with good self-confidence and strong ambition. Laura could never develop a relationship with any man.
Because of its considerably delicate or tenuous material, atmospheric touches and subtleties of direction play a particularly important part. At 30, Williams wrote "Portrait of a Girl in Glass," which centered on the glass figure-loving Laura, rather than her brother Tom. She was presented as a desperately shy young woman with a fearsome mother, who went unnamed in this early incarnation. ByWilliams was in Hollywood, and so transformed the short story into a spec script called The Gentleman Caller.
The Glass Menagerie's young female lead fawns over her titular collection, polishing them obsessively.
Lovely but fragile, these prized figures are regarded as a metaphor for their owner. Tennessee was a nickname earned in college. The unhappy family life at the center of the play mirrored his own.
Like the Wingfields, the Williams family included a dominating matriarch, Tennessee's mother Edwina, who raised the family largely without the help of her husband, a traveling shoe salesman. Like Amanda, Edwina was a faded Southern belle. Laura—nicknamed Blue Roses—was based on his older sister Rose, who struggled with mental illness and retreated to a world of isolation, surrounded by her beloved glass ornaments.
Even the description of the Wingfield's St. Louis apartment mirrored a home the playwright once shared with his family. But this was the first to earn widespread notice. In the Chicago Tribune, theater critic Claudia Cassidy declared that the play was "vividly written," "superbly acted," and, "paradoxically, it is a dream in the dust and a tough little play that knows people and how they tick.
It went on to run for performances, and made Williams a rising star in American theater.
The New York City-born actress performed on stage and in silent film, but she is best known for originating the role of Amanda Wingfield on Broadway. Once The Glass Menagerie opened, Taylor was nearly universally praised by critics and colleagues.
It made me weep," lyricist Fred Ebb said. Actress Patricia Neal deemed Taylor's Amanda "the greatest performance I have ever seen in all my life. Taylor's celebrated performance helped cement The Glass Menagerie's rarefied reputation. Even earlier, there are frequent disagreements. Amanda never likes Tom's habits of smoking and movie-going. She always complains about it: A pack a day at fifteen cents a pack.
I don't believe you always go to the movies! At another time, Tom expresses that her mother is not happy with his plans about future that he would leave home. Yet at another point of time, Tom scolds his mother so fiercely that it resulted into no talk between them for many days.
Amanda becomes so upset that she never talks to Tom until he apologizes. In 'Death of a Salesman', Linda acts much like in the same way. As said earlier, she is much like just a mediator between Willy and Happy and Biff. She always talks only about positive qualities of the sons — strengths, achievements and dreams — with Willy, but not weaknesses and failures, even if he is all the time possessed with pessimism about them.
Linda also has many worries for her sons, and asks them to do this and not do that like Amanda. She wants her sons to be moral and honest. When she finds that Biff stole a ball, she suggests "he'd better give back that football… it's not nice.
In very similar role like Amanda, she makes Biff promise to stay at home and make the father happy. Whenever there is dispute between father and sons, she speaks up for the sons despite the fact that Willy time and again threatens her not to interrupt.
Until the end of the play, she tries to bring her sons in good relation to their father. Linda is so happy when there is talk about her sons' success in career, even if there is no possibility or guarantee of its success in real life. She promises "a big breakfast" if Biff gets Oliver's job back. Her relation with the sons initially seems stronger and better than Amanda.
It can be justified when she has a long conversation with the sons about the father's feelings toward them. Her sons seem helpful to her as well. Biff, for example, takes the rubber tube off from the place where Willy can find it and try suicide. In fact, Linda wanted it to be removed, but couldn't do it herself to avoid Willy's notice that she knows the suicidal attempts.
And, finally Biff makes it happen as wished by Linda. She scolds her sons only once throughout the play when they leave their father alone in the restaurant; but that is so strong that it brings shift in their relationships.
She asks, "Don't you care whether he lives or dies?