1 Direct Instruction: Echo, your teacher using the sound/symbol Fundation Cards. 2 Guided Practice: Use the ipad to reinforce sound/symbol relationship 3. Alphabet games teaching sound symbol relationships letter names. One of the first skills that young children learn at school, is to recognise sound- symbol relationships. That is, the connection between the letter names and the.
The following system differs from other systems in that it utilizes a multisensory presentation combined with visual mnemonics. There is a match between auditory, visual, and kinesthetic processing when dealing with sounds and matching them to written letters.
Sound/Symbol Phonics Lesson | Common Sense Education
Visual pictures are also included, pulling in another whole system: This provides the students with hooks or links to remember a key word for each sound. In addition, the use of phrases, many of which are silly, brings in a contextual hook to help students hang the words together, thus providing another system to aid retrieval of the information.
This system is called Memory Foundations for Reading MFR because of its importance in the foundational system for reading and because of its assistance in retrieval memory. The sequence presented in MFR follows the sequence presented in the Gillingham program. There is no magical reason for this sequence, and the sequence may be varied to coordinate with any reading program.
What is important is to separate presentation of letters that are similar in visual configurations such as b and d and sounds that are similar and difficult to discriminate such as short e and short i.
One sound in the pair should be taught and developed to a level of automaticity before the second sound is introduced. Once the second sound is introduced, substantial discrimination practice needs to be included. Dyslexic students and others who struggle with the reading process benefit substantially by receiving direct instruction and substantial practice to help them form automatic associations between visual, auditory, and kinesthetic modes. This enables them to make specific links and connections between information that is auditory what they hearvisual what they seeand kinesthetic what they say and write.
The Gillingham program refers to these multisensory links as the language triangle see figure 1.Emily Soule- Introducing Letters and the Sound/Symbol Relationship
The technique is based upon close association of visual, auditory, and kinesthetic elements Gillingham,p.
In contrast, presenting key words in an organized approach is effective and efficient and allows students to use a variety of modalities and connections in the learning process. Thus, when reading or spelling, the student can refer to the association to trigger the needed sound. When these associations are made consistently, retrieval is much more automatic. Presenting the key words within a mnemonic sentence provides the memory tool within a contextual hook or connection.
The visual images linked to each phrase enhance retrieval and accelerate the learning.
Writing Made Easier: Helping Students Develop Automatic Sound/Symbol Correspondence
When the pictures are colored, additional visual input is provided. By coloring the pictures themselves, students reinforce the connections kinesthetically while learning the associated phrases.
The program, Memory Foundations for Reading: Mnemonic strategies are critical for dyslexic learners. A mnemonic is a memory trick, a strategy or plan which provides a hook to hang on to and later retrieve a memory.
Key words can be explained to the students as very important helper words: Set one involves the main sound for each alphabet letter Set two provides letters with multiple sounds Set three provides sounds with multiple spellings There are interconnections between these three sets to help facilitate the memory links.
If the matching letter is on your board, make a pair, and place another lower case card on your board. If it is not on your board, leave it face up on the table for other players to use when it is their turn. Play continues until all cards have been matched. Trick or Treat Letter Sounds Matching beginning letter sounds with picture cards with these letters: Each player has a board.
Place the cards face down and take turns to choose a card. If the player has a space for the matching sound, they keep it.
The first player to complete their board wins. Carrots For Rabbits Matching beginning letter sounds with picture cards with these letters: Monkey Sounds Matching beginning letter sounds with picture cards with these letters: Hungry Parrot Game A game where players listen for the sounds at the beginnings of words by looking at pictures.
Share picture cards between players. Place a letter card on the parrot's plate. All players look for pictures beginning with the letter sound card on display. Place all cards that match onto the parrot. Players may place multiple cards at a time. When players are happy they have placed all their cards for this letter, a new letter card is selected.